There are multiple educational philosophies that have shaped teaching and learning in various school settings in the past. Several of these philosophies and concomitant theories continue to influence educational practices today. It is important to explore educational philosophy to equip educators with understanding for future experience in a school setting and to discern how educational philosophy aligns with a biblical worldview for practical application.
By constructing a teaching tool for philosophy, based on examination of an assigned educational philosophy, you will discover educational aims as well as theoretical assumptions that are nestled within an educational philosophy. Furthermore, you will critically comprehend how viewpoints related to metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic guide application of the philosophy in particular school settings. Finally, the teaching tool will assist you to analyze correspondence between personal beliefs and values and the assigned educational philosophy.

Choose a specific educational philosophy and become familiar with it. You must choose one of the seven designated educational philosophies listed below.

  1. Behaviorism
  2. Essentialism
  3. Existentialism
  4. Perennialism
  5. Progressivism
  6. Reconstructionism
  7. Scholasticism

Before creating your teaching tool for philosophy, become familiar with your chosen educational philosophy by:
• Reading your textbook
• Visiting several websites on the topic
• Checking sources from the library

Suggestions for teaching tools:
• Create a handout
• Create a newsletter
• Create an outline
• Develop a glossary
• Develop a mnemonic device
• Develop a PowerPoint presentation

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  • Perennialism: This philosophy emphasizes the importance of transmitting the great books and ideas of Western civilization to students. Perennialists believe that there are universal truths that are timeless and unchanging, and that these truths can be found in the great works of literature, philosophy, and religion.
  • Essentialism: This philosophy focuses on the essential knowledge and skills that all students need to know in order to be successful in life. Essentialists believe that there is a core curriculum that all students should study, regardless of their individual interests or abilities.

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  • Progressivism: This philosophy emphasizes the importance of student-centered learning and experiential education. Progressives believe that students learn best by actively engaging with the material and by applying what they learn to real-world situations.
  • Constructivism: This philosophy believes that knowledge is constructed by the learner, rather than being transmitted from teacher to student. Constructivists believe that students learn best by actively exploring and making sense of the world around them.
  • Social Reconstructionism: This philosophy believes that schools should be agents of social change. Social reconstructionists believe that schools should teach students about social problems and how to solve them.

These are just a few of the many educational philosophies that have been influential in the past. The specific philosophy that is adopted by a school or district will depend on a variety of factors, such as the school’s mission, the community’s values, and the needs of the students.

To construct a teaching tool for philosophy, based on examination of an assigned educational philosophy, you would need to first identify the key concepts and assumptions of that philosophy. You would then need to develop activities and exercises that would help students to understand and apply these concepts. For example, if you were examining the philosophy of perennialism, you might have students read and discuss classic works of literature, or you might have them write essays on the meaning of life.

The teaching tool should also help students to critically evaluate the assigned philosophy. This means helping them to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the philosophy, and to consider how it might be applied in different school settings. For example, you might have students debate the merits of perennialism, or you might have them research how the philosophy has been implemented in different schools.

Finally, the teaching tool should help students to think about how their own beliefs and values align with the assigned philosophy. This means helping them to identify the aspects of the philosophy that they agree with, and the aspects that they disagree with. It also means helping them to think about how they would apply the philosophy in their own teaching.

By constructing a teaching tool for philosophy, you can help students to develop a deeper understanding of educational philosophy and how it can be applied in the classroom. This can be an important tool for educators who are looking to create a more meaningful and engaging learning experience for their students.


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