Unhealthy relationships with food

A. Through this article, I have learned that unhealthy relationships with food, as well as body image, can have a significant on one’s social, emotional and physical state, causing problems in the long run. When these eating disorders are left untreated, they can lead to serious consequences such as organ failure and, in the worst-case scenario, it can lead to death.
The variables of the study
Spearman correlations were used to examine the association of two continuous/ordinal variables, the Mann–Whitney test for the association of continuous/ ordinal with dichotomous variables and logistic regression for the univariate associations of predictors with complete recovery of eating disorder symptoms. Variables with P < 0.10 in the univariate tests were included as possible predictors in the multiple stepwise regression analyses (‘backward’ procedure in SPSS) (Dobrescu et al. 99).
This unique, controlled, 30-year follow-up study of adolescent-onset anorexia nervosa has shown that most people with this disorder do well in the long term. There was no mortality, almost two-thirds reported full recovery from eating disorder symptoms, and physical aspects of quality of life were similar across the anorexia nervosa and comparison groups. However, eating disorders were still present in the minority, affecting one in five (Dobrescu et al. 100).
Due to the sample being partly population-based and including only cases of adolescent-onset anorexia nervosa, we hypothesized that the outcome of our anorexia nervosa group would be better than other very long-term outcome studies. We had better mortality results than clinical outcome studies with no deaths in our sample. Our findings were in line with the community-based Finn Twin study, which reported no mortality after 10 years. The proportion of full recovery from eating disorder symptoms (64% in our anorexia nervosa group) was not better than that seen in clinical studies with follow-up periods of more than 20 years (Dobrescu et al. 100).
Article contribution
The article contributes to the field of eating disorders by creating awareness of patients in need of psychiatric disorders. Through the study on anorexia nervosa, the findings here imply that among school health nurses, school doctors, child psychiatrists and paediatricians, more effort needs to be made to detect individuals with a very early onset of anorexia nervosa, i.e. in childhood and early adolescence.

B. This article breaks down Anorexia Nervosa, what it is, the symptoms people experience, the biological/psychological causes, and the societal/cultural pressures one faces when dealing with this eating disorder.
Anorexia nervosa is a serious mental disorder with a characteristic appearance. It can affect people of all ages, genders, sexual orientations, races, and ethnicities, but it is especially dangerous for adolescent girls and young adult women. Anorexia is caused by a combination of psychological, societal, and biological variables, and there is no single cause.
One of the biological causes could be the result of an endocrine imbalance, which is still a possibility today, and it is stated that this condition is caused by a hypothalamic issue. It is also reported that individuals that have Anorexia have high amounts of cortisol, the stress hormone, and low levels of neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine, which are linked to emotions of happiness
The psychological causes are emotionally driven. People who are battling Anorexia find themselves having low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and mood swings. There is also a lot of cultural pressure and family pressure that triggers this eating disorder. Wanting to be thin and wanting to have a certain image because the person thinks this is the standard can play a huge role in the reasons why. In this article, they also talk about the family pressures where there is mental abuse happening within the household. This could be very damaging to one self-esteem and mental health. Comments made by a loved one that you are, “too fat” can add and play a big role and individuals developing this disorder.
All these factors play a pivotal role in how someone can develop Anorexia and empathizing how there is not a single root cause.

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