Theories, concepts, hypothesis, and paradigm
. In your own words, accurately define each of the following terms: theories, concepts, hypothesis, and paradigm. Be detailed in your answer giving examples to illustrate each term. In Widom and Kuhns, identify one concept that was treated as multidimensional. How do you know?
2.What other independent and dependent variables do you think should have been considered by Widom and Kuhns in their research? How would you operationalize (define and measure) those variables?
3.Summarize the findings of Widom and Kuhns’ (1996) research. How clearly were statistical data presented and discussed? Were the results substantively important?
- Theory: A theory is a set of interrelated ideas that explain a phenomenon. Theories are based on evidence and are constantly being tested and refined.
- Concept: A concept is a mental construct that represents an idea or object. Concepts can be concrete or abstract.
- Hypothesis: A hypothesis is a tentative explanation for a phenomenon. Hypotheses are often based on theories and are tested through research.