- Explain the historical development and contemporary context of public health
(including the infrastructure and organization of public health systems).
- Critically examine the role of public health in protecting and promoting the health
of populations locally and globally.
- Analyze social, political, and economical issues, which impact public health and
healthcare delivery systems within and outside of the United States.
- Explain the biological effects of infections and chronic diseases on the human
- Explain basic epidemiological principles used to study patterns of disease and
injury among diverse populations.
- Evaluate health-related research and research methods.
- Analyze the theoretical models including how social, behavioral, cultural, and
environmental factors impact behavior change.
- Demonstrate the skills necessary to create effective public health programs and
services (including program planning, healthcare management, and program
- Analyze legal, regulatory, and ethical issues that impact public health practice.
- Articulate how public health policy is developed and how individuals and groups
influence policy change.
- Demonstrate effective communication and problem-solving skills necessary for
addressing contemporary global public health issues and to promote social
Public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of people and communities. It is concerned with preventing disease, promoting healthy behaviors, and ensuring that everyone has access to quality healthcare.
Historical Development of Public Health
The history of public health is long and complex. It can be traced back to the ancient Greeks and Romans, who developed some of the earliest public health interventions, such as sanitation systems and quarantines. However, public health as a modern science did not really emerge until the 19th century, when a number of factors, including the Industrial Revolution, urbanization, and the rise of infectious diseases, led to a growing focus on the health of populations.