Planning process

a. What learning theory/method will guide your planning process? Provide a brief description of the theory/method. How will you make use of it?
What learning goal(s) and content standards, state and/or national standards, did you identify for the lesson? How will they guide the planned learning activities?
What is the content focus of the lesson? What related content that the students have previously encountered will support the learning in this lesson?
What are some difficulties students might encounter with the content? How will you address the difficulties?

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Sample Answer



The learning theory/method that will guide my planning process is constructivism. Constructivism is a theory of learning that suggests that learners construct their own knowledge through interaction with their environment. This means that learners are not simply passive recipients of information, but rather active participants in the learning process.

Constructivism is based on the following principles:

  • Learners are active participants in the learning process.
  • Learners construct their own knowledge through interaction with their environment.
  • Prior knowledge and experiences play an important role in learning.
  • Learning is best achieved when it is meaningful and relevant to the learner.

Full Answer Section




I will make use of constructivism in my planning process by:

  • Providing opportunities for learners to be active participants in the learning process. This could involve activities such as hands-on projects, group discussions, and problem-solving exercises.
  • Creating a learning environment that is rich in resources and opportunities for exploration and discovery.
  • Helping learners to connect new information to their prior knowledge and experiences.
  • Designing learning activities that are meaningful and relevant to the learner’s interests and goals.

Here is an example of how I would use constructivism to plan a lesson on the solar system:

  • Introduction: I would start by asking learners what they already know about the solar system. This would help me to assess their prior knowledge and to identify any misconceptions that they may have.
  • Exploration: I would then provide learners with a variety of resources to explore, such as books, websites, and videos. This would give them the opportunity to learn more about the solar system at their own pace and in their own way.
  • Activity: I would then have learners complete an activity that would help them to construct their own understanding of the solar system. This could involve activities such as creating a model of the solar system, writing a report on a particular planet, or designing a space mission.
  • Reflection: Finally, I would have learners reflect on what they have learned and how they can apply their new knowledge to real-world situations.

Constructivism is a powerful learning theory that can help learners to develop a deep understanding of the world around them. By using constructivism to guide my planning process, I can create learning experiences that are engaging, meaningful, and effective.

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