Nurse educator preparing an orientation on cognitive or mental health illness.

You are the nurse educator preparing an orientation on cognitive or mental health illness. There is a need to address the many clients with cognitive issues that seek healthcare services and how to better understand their needs. Choose a cognitive/mental health illness that you feel less knowledgeable about and address the following prompts by including two to three examples of each bullet point:

Choose a cognitive or mental health illness.
What is it? How is it diagnosed? How is it treated?
How does it differ from a physical or “visible” illness?
Address the following for your chosen diagnosis.
Socioeconomic impact
Political issues or impact
Educational needs
Topographical findings
Geographical impact
Cultural impact
Include interdisciplinary interventions for this disease.
Discuss the impact of a patient’s value systems on management of this disease.
Address the following health-care practices:
Acute versus preventive care
Barriers to health care
Impact of pain and the sick role
Cultural practices
Identify challenges related to:
Learning styles
Educational preparation
Disease management

Your presentation should be 15-20 slides (not including title, objectives, and references slides) with detailed presenter notes with in-text citations for each slide. Include at least four (4) scholarly sources. Follow best practices for PowerPoint presentations related to text size, color, images, effects, wordiness, and multimedia enhancements. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment. Audio recording is required. Be sure to completely answer all the prompts/questions. Use clear headings that allow your professor to know which bullet you are addressing on the slides in your presentation. Support your content with in-text citations throughout your presentation. Make sure to reference the citations using the APA 7th Edition writing style for the presentation. Include at least one slide for your references at the end.

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Sample Answer


What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that affects about 1 in 100 people. It is characterized by a range of symptoms, including delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and impaired social functioning.

How is schizophrenia diagnosed?

There is no single test for schizophrenia. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical symptoms, laboratory tests, and imaging studies.

Full Answer Section



There is no cure for schizophrenia, but treatment can help people manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. Treatment typically includes medication, therapy, and social support.

How does schizophrenia differ from a physical or “visible” illness?

Schizophrenia is a mental illness, not a physical illness. This means that it is not caused by a virus or bacteria, but by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Schizophrenia also differs from a physical illness in that the symptoms are not always obvious. People with schizophrenia may not experience any symptoms in the early stages of the disease. As the disease progresses, the symptoms may become more noticeable, but they may still be difficult to diagnose.


Schizophrenia has been recognized as a mental illness for centuries. The first descriptions of the disorder can be found in ancient Greek and Roman texts. In the 19th century, schizophrenia was thought to be caused by demonic possession or moral degeneracy. In the 20th century, schizophrenia was increasingly understood as a biological disorder.

Socioeconomic impact

Schizophrenia has a significant socioeconomic impact. The average cost of caring for someone with schizophrenia is $240,000 per year. This cost is often borne by family members, who may have to quit their jobs or reduce their work hours to provide care.

Schizophrenia can also have a significant impact on the quality of life of the person with the disease and their family. People with schizophrenia may experience difficulty with employment, housing, and relationships. They may also be at risk for homelessness, violence, and suicide.

Here are some additional details about schizophrenia:

  • Delusions: Delusions are beliefs that are not shared by others and that are not based in reality. People with schizophrenia may have delusions of grandeur, persecution, or control.
  • Hallucinations: Hallucinations are sensory experiences that are not real. People with schizophrenia may hear voices, see visions, or smell things that are not there.
  • Disorganized thinking: People with schizophrenia may have difficulty organizing their thoughts and expressing themselves clearly. They may also jump from topic to topic or make illogical statements.
  • Impaired social functioning: People with schizophrenia may have difficulty maintaining relationships, holding a job, or taking care of themselves. They may also withdraw from social interaction and become isolated.

Schizophrenia is a complex illness with a variety of symptoms. It is important to seek professional help if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia. With treatment, people with schizophrenia can live full and productive lives.

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