Hedonistic act-utilitarianism

“Self-driving” cars hold the promise of being safer and more fuel-efficient than today’s manually driven cars.
However, they also introduce some challenging ethical issues. Since accidents will still occur, these cars must
be programmed to deal with different types of accident situations. Consider this hypothetical scenario:
One day in the not-too-distant future, you are sitting in your self-driving car cruising down a city street.
Suddenly two cars full of passengers in front of you have a mild accident. Your car quickly steers aside to avoid
crashing into these vehicles (which likely would have resulted in multiple deaths). However, now your car is
careening directly toward a bystander on the sidewalk. There is no time to brake. The car has only two options:
(1) hit the bystander, which will likely kill this person or (2) steer into a wall, which will likely kill you.
In your essay, you should answer the following three questions:
(1) What is hedonistic act-utilitarianism?
(2) What does hedonistic act-utilitarianism imply about how a self-driving car should be programmed for the
above kind of situation? Explain why hedonistic act-utilitarianism has this implication.
(3) Is the hedonistic act-utilitarian response the correct ethical respond to this type of situation? Provide a
justification for your answer. (If you agree with hedonistic act-utilitarianism, then you should anticipate and
respond to objections that might be raised).

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