Government NASA Collaborative Transformation
During and before the Apollo program years at NASA, it was the primary government
organization involved in all space technology decisions. Since the Space Shuttle Program,
NASA has been reinvented. It transformed from a closed system with a hierarchy that develops
its technologies internally, to an open and collaborative network that promotes innovation and
collaboration with other public and private organizations. NASA has become more
- Using the Moon to Mars Mission (Artemis-Orion), describe this new collaborative approach at
NASA’s Artemis program is a new collaborative approach to space exploration that involves both public and private sector partners. The program is designed to land the first woman and next man on the Moon by 2025, and to establish a sustainable human presence on the Moon by the end of the decade.
Artemis is a significant departure from previous NASA missions, which were largely conducted in isolation. For Artemis, NASA is working closely with commercial partners, international partners, and academia to develop and operate the spacecraft and other technologies needed for the mission.