Extremely Low Birth Weight Babies On The Family And Community.

Describe the effect of extremely low birth weight babies on the family and community. Consider short-term and long-term impacts, socioeconomic implications, the need for ongoing care, and comorbidities associated with prematurity. Explain how disparities relative to ethnic and cultural groups may contribute to low-birth-weight babies. Identify one support service within your community to assist with preterm infants and their families and explain how the service adequately addresses the needs of the community or a population in your community. Provide the link to the resource in your post.

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Sample Answer



  • Short-term impacts: ELBW babies often require specialized medical care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This can be a stressful and emotionally draining experience for families. Parents may have to travel long distances to be near the NICU, and they may have to miss work or other commitments. They may also experience financial hardship due to the cost of medical care.
  • Long-term impacts: ELBW babies are at risk for a number of health problems, including respiratory problems, feeding difficulties, developmental delays, and learning disabilities. These problems can have a significant impact on the child’s quality of life and the family’s well-being.

Full Answer Section



  • Socioeconomic implications: The cost of caring for an ELBW baby can be significant, and this can place a financial burden on families. ELBW babies are also more likely to be born into families with low socioeconomic status, which can further complicate their care.
  • Need for ongoing care: ELBW babies often require ongoing care, even after they are discharged from the NICU. This care can include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. It can also include regular doctor’s visits and specialized education services.
  • Comorbidities associated with prematurity: ELBW babies are at risk for a number of comorbidities, including:
    • Respiratory problems: ELBW babies are more likely to develop respiratory problems, such as chronic lung disease and bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
    • Feeding difficulties: ELBW babies may have difficulty feeding due to their small size and immature digestive system.
    • Developmental delays: ELBW babies are more likely to have developmental delays, such as delays in motor skills, language development, and cognitive development.
    • Learning disabilities: ELBW babies are more likely to have learning disabilities, such as dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Disparities relative to ethnic and cultural groups: There are disparities in the rates of ELBW births among different ethnic and cultural groups. For example, African American babies are more likely to be born with ELBW than white babies. These disparities are likely due to a number of factors, including socioeconomic status, access to healthcare, and racial discrimination.

Support services for preterm infants and their families: There are a number of support services available to help preterm infants and their families. These services can provide emotional support, financial assistance, and practical help. Some examples of these services include:

  • Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) support groups: These groups can provide support to families who have babies in the NICU. They can offer emotional support, practical advice, and information about the NICU experience.
  • Financial assistance programs: There are a number of financial assistance programs available to help families with the cost of caring for a preterm infant. These programs can help with medical expenses, transportation costs, and lost wages.
  • Practical help: There are a number of organizations that provide practical help to families with preterm infants. This help can include providing meals, transportation, and childcare.

Here is a link to one support service in my community that assists with preterm infants and their families:

  • March of Dimes: https://www.marchofdimes.org/: The March of Dimes is a nonprofit organization that works to improve the health of babies. They offer a variety of services to support preterm infants and their families, including support groups, financial assistance, and practical help.

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