Emergency Management policy
Provide your group with an overview of the stakeholders involved in your identified policy. List all of the stakeholders and describe how they are included in or impacted by the decision-making process. Make use of this module’s required resources to ensure that you have included all possible stakeholders.
I am covering Emergency Management policy. It should be noted that Emergency Management includes four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Internal and external stakeholders play various roles in each phase of Emergency Management. I will discuss each phase in further detail and identify the stakeholders in each phase.
The fema.gov (n.d.). website defines the mitigation phase as actions taken to prevent or reduce the cause, impact, and consequences of disasters. The website goes on to provide examples of mitigation: constructing levees or permanent barriers to control flooding or buying insurance policies. Stakeholders in this phase include the local emergency management, citizens and the media. The local media shares information of things being done in the community to keep citizens informed of mitigation activities. Citizens that live in areas prone to natural disasters purchase the required insurance to protect themselves and their property.
The fema.gov (n.d.). website defines the preparedness stage as planning, training, and educational activities for events that cannot be mitigated. Examples include developing disaster preparedness plans for what to do, where to go, or who to call for help in a disaster or exercising plans through drills, tabletop exercises, and full-scale exercises. The stakeholders involved in this phase is the local emergency manager, state emergency manager, citizens, and the media.
The fema.gov (n.d.) website defines the response phase as occurring in immediate aftermath of a disaster. During the response phase, businesses and other operations do not function normally. Personal safety and well-being in an emergency and the duration of the response phase depend on the level of preparedness. Examples include implementing disaster response plans, conducting search and rescue missions, taking actions to protect yourself, your family, your animals, and others. Stakeholders in this phase are first responders, local emergency manager, state emergency management, federal emergency management (depending on the severity of the disaster), citizens (disaster victims), local business owners, local and national media, and the red cross.
The last phase is the recovery phase. The fema.gov (n.d.) website defines this stage as restoration efforts occurring concurrently with regular operations and activities. The recovery period from a disaster can be prolonged. Examples include preventing or reducing stress-related illnesses and excessive financial burdens or rebuilding damaged structures. Stakeholders involved in this phase are citizens (disaster victims), local business owners, local emergency manager, state emergency management, federal emergency management, media, and the red cross.
In your responses to your group members, provide feedback on their stakeholder profiles.
• Have they included the full range of stakeholders for this policy?
• Are there any additional stakeholders that should be considered?
• Is there anything you would add about how stakeholders are included in or impacted by the decision-making process for this particular policy?
For your response posts, you must do the following: