You are the nurse educator preparing an orientation on cognitive or mental health illness. There is a need to address the many clients with cognitive issues that seek healthcare services and how to better understand their needs. Choose a cognitive/mental health illness that you feel less knowledgeable about and address the following prompts by including two to three examples of each bullet point:
Choose a cognitive or mental health illness.
What is it? How is it diagnosed? How is it treated?
How does it differ from a physical or “visible” illness?
Address the following for your chosen diagnosis.
Political issues or impact
Include interdisciplinary interventions for this disease.
Discuss the impact of a patient’s value systems on management of this disease.
Address the following health-care practices:
Acute versus preventive care
Barriers to health care
Impact of pain and the sick role
Identify challenges related to:
I chose to focus on dementia for this orientation. Dementia is a general term for a decline in cognitive function that is severe enough to interfere with a person’s daily life. It is a progressive brain disorder that usually affects older adults.
What is dementia?
Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. This damage can be caused by a number of factors, including Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia.
How is dementia diagnosed?
Dementia is diagnosed by a doctor. The doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical exam, and order some tests, such as blood tests, brain scans, and neuropsychological tests.