Anxiety Disorder

You are the nurse educator preparing an orientation on cognitive or mental health illness. There is a need to address the many clients with cognitive issues that seek healthcare services and how to better understand their needs. Choose a cognitive/mental health illness that you feel less knowledgeable about and address the following prompts by including two to three examples of each bullet point:

Choose a cognitive or mental health illness.
What is it? How is it diagnosed? How is it treated?
How does it differ from a physical or “visible” illness?
Address the following for your chosen diagnosis.
Socioeconomic impact
Political issues or impact
Educational needs
Topographical findings
Geographical impact
Cultural impact
Include interdisciplinary interventions for this disease.
Discuss the impact of a patient’s value systems on management of this disease.
Address the following health-care practices:
Acute versus preventive care
Barriers to health care
Impact of pain and the sick role
Cultural practices
Identify challenges related to:
Learning styles
Educational preparation
Disease management

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Sample Answer


I chose to focus on dementia for this orientation. Dementia is a general term for a decline in cognitive function that is severe enough to interfere with a person’s daily life. It is a progressive brain disorder that usually affects older adults.

What is dementia?

Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. This damage can be caused by a number of factors, including Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia.

How is dementia diagnosed?

Dementia is diagnosed by a doctor. The doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical exam, and order some tests, such as blood tests, brain scans, and neuropsychological tests.

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How is dementia treated?

There is no cure for dementia. However, there are treatments that can help to slow the progression of the disease and manage the symptoms. These treatments include medications, lifestyle changes, and supportive care.

How does dementia differ from a physical or “visible” illness?

Dementia is a cognitive or mental health illness, not a physical illness. This means that there is no visible sign of the disease, such as a rash or a fever. The symptoms of dementia are also more subtle than the symptoms of a physical illness. For example, a person with dementia may have difficulty remembering things, making decisions, or finding the right words.


The first recorded description of dementia was in the 4th century BC by Hippocrates. He called it “phrenitis” and described it as a condition that caused people to become forgetful, confused, and irritable.

In the 18th century, the term “dementia” was first used to describe a decline in cognitive function. The word comes from the Latin word “demens,” which means “out of one’s mind.”

In the 19th century, doctors began to learn more about the causes of dementia. They discovered that it was caused by damage to the brain, and they began to develop treatments for the disease.

In the 20th century, the study of dementia made great progress. Scientists discovered new causes of the disease, and they developed new treatments. However, there is still no cure for dementia.

Socioeconomic impact

Dementia has a significant socioeconomic impact. It is a major cause of disability and dependency in older adults. It also costs billions of dollars each year in healthcare costs and lost productivity.

Political issues or impact

Dementia is a major political issue. Governments around the world are working to find ways to prevent dementia, treat it, and care for people with the disease.

Educational needs

There is a need for more education about dementia. People need to know about the symptoms of the disease, the causes of the disease, and the treatments for the disease. They also need to know about the resources that are available to help people with dementia and their caregivers.

Topographical findings

There are no specific topographical findings associated with dementia. However, some studies have shown that people with dementia are more likely to live in rural areas than in urban areas. This may be because people with dementia have difficulty navigating in unfamiliar environments.

Geographical impact

Dementia is a global problem. It affects people of all ages, races, and ethnicities. However, there are some geographical differences in the prevalence of dementia. For example, dementia is more common in developed countries than in developing countries. This may be because people in developed countries live longer and are more likely to have risk factors for dementia, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.


Dementia is a serious cognitive or mental health illness that can have a significant impact on a person’s life. There is no cure for dementia, but there are treatments that can help to slow the progression of the disease and manage the symptoms. It is important to educate people about dementia, so that they can get the help they need.

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